Layoutplanning met behulp van de computer.
Report 91.3.LT.2806, Transport Technology, Logistic Engineering.
This report deals with the process of layoutplanning and the factors which
influence the layout of a factory. An important aspect of this report is a
study of literature of the role that computers can play in solving the
In this report, several aspects related to the layoutplanningproblem are
Special attention has been given to international developments in the
industrial sector (especially in Japan). These developments resulted in a
high interest of Western compagnies for productionmanagement and logistic
matters in their company. The consequences of changes in the
organizational structures and routingpatterns for the layout are
- the general causes, which makes a company decide to initialize a
- the stage of preparation for a layoutstudy;
- the requirements of which a layout must comply with;
- the organizational and social assumptions of a company, which influence the
- problems, the layoutdesigner has to deal with, during the
Since 1950 a multiplicity of systematic methods for solving the
layoutplanning problem has been proposed. In 1963 the first computersystem
was introduced and eversince many (heuristie) computerprograms have been
developed. The results however of these programs are very unsatisfactory.
The multicriteria nature of the layoutplanning problem lies at the bottom
of these disappointing results. The contribution of man to a satisfactory
solution of this problem seems up until now indispensable. Therefore
recently there is a tendency to find the solution of the layoutplanning
problem in interactive computerprograms.
Two programs (INTALA and SCALP) which are the product of this development
are being evaluated in this report. The results are encouraging, although
one must realize that the part of the computer is restricted to an
Reports on Logistic Engineering (in Dutch)
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