Geluidsoverlast bij overslag van containers in de haven van Rotterdam.Een
inventarisatie van de geluidsproblematiek.
Report 91.3.2870.TT, Transport Engineering and Logistics.
The growth of industries in the Rotterdam area which increases the
environmental problems due to noise nuisance, is in conflict with the growth
of new housing estates.
A lot of space between industries and residential districts is not used
since the Law for Noise nuisance prescribes a free zone around noise
producing industries. The challenge is to reduce the noise of these
industries in order to use this extra free space that arises and
consequently create posibilities for further growth.
The objective of this report is to present an overview of this issue.
In this report a common basis for further research planning is presented by
giving a definition of noise. Furthermore a short description of the
relevant laws is given. After that a global picture of the theory referring
to the subject of reducing noise is presented. Finally the most important
problems and opportunities for improvements in daily practice are described.
In order to reduce the noise nuisance of industries it is important to reduce
the noise of the different sources which cause the noise, or the
transferance of noise has to be reduced. This reducing of noise transferance
can be achieved by two basic principles: Reflection (isolation) and
dissipation (absorption). Reflection can be defined as the degree in which
noise is reflected by a boundary between two media. Dissipation can be
defined as the transformation of vibration energy (as a result of noise)
As a case study the noise nuisance of containerterminals in the port of
Rotterdam has been studied. It appears to be that the most important sources
of noise in a container gantry crane can be located around the rolling noise of
the trolley and the engine room.
In other transportation machines the diesel engine and the hydraulic
installation are the most important causes of noise.
One of the conclusions is that the noise of the trolley can be reduced by
replacing the steel wheels by wheels made of synthetic material. Another
conclusion is that the noise of the engine room can be reduced by the
application of noise absorbing material on the walls, floor and ceiling of
the room. Other equipment can be improved by a better housing of engines and
Thorough design and construction of all these modifications is essential in
order to get a satisfying result. Further research is recommended to get a
reliable picture of the result of each specific modification. Finally a cost
benifit analysis is required before making the final decisions.
Reports on Transport Engineering and Logistics (in Dutch)
, TU Delft