Transportwerktuigen op de rails.
Report 99.3.TT.5249, Transport Engineering and Logistics.
Transportation equipment is made for the transportation and handling of goods.
The equipment is designed to perform this as quick and efficient as possible.
One of the ways to transport the goods, is using wheels on rails. In the
beginning, when designing the equipment, it is very important that there is a
lot of attention for the kind of rail and wheels to be used.
The wheels and the rail are just a small part of the project, but the
quality of the railway is very important for the reliability and functioning
of the equipment supported by the rails. When there is a problem, a lot of
money and time is needed to fix it. During repair it is not possible to
work, so it is very important that the wheels and rail are determined properly.
This essay is written to present an overview of transportation equipment which
has a wheel rail configuration. The kinds of equipment discussed are the train,
the overhead crane, the gantry crane and the trolley. The different ways of
fixing the rail to the floor are described. The processes due to the interactions
of the wheel and the rail, e.g. the stresses existing in the contact area between
the wheel and rail, and the dynamic and steering behaviour of a wheelset are
discussed also. Metal fatigue causes damage that will occur at the top of the rail
and at the outline of the wheel. The horizontal forces due to e.g. acceleration
and braking are also important to choose the proper rail. In the report the
transmission of the wheel it described too.
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