Het energiegebruik van rail- en wegvervoer.
Report 2002.TT.5619, Transport Technology.
Within the Transport Technology and Logistics Section of Delft University of
Technology, Faculty of Design, Engineering and Production, a study of the
energy consumption of road and rail vehicles was needed.
In a objective way this report presents the factors which influence the
energy consumption of road and rail vehicles and which factors should be
considered when comparing both transport ways. In this context this report
limits to road transport and intermodal railtransport of containers,
swapbodies and roadtrailers. By means of a mathematical model, based on a
theoretical way of approaching, the energy consumption of both transport
vehicles has been calculated in [MJ/tonneskilometer].
The resuits show the big influence of the chosen starting points on the
calculations. Secondly in intermodal rail transport a decreasing degree of
train occupation and a relatively increasing distance of initial and final
transport by road increase the specific energy consumption. General
conclusion: In case of short transport distance, transport by road
vehicles uses less energy than intermodal rail transport. In case of long
transport distance, road vehicle energy consumption is higher than
intermodal rail transport energy consumption. At last it needs to be
mentioned that an increasing speed causes a relatively more increasing
Reports on Transport Engineering (in Dutch)
, TU Delft