Delft University of Technology
Faculty Mechanical, Maritime and Materials Engineering
Transport Technology

A. Vliem Rekeningrijden. Een literatuuronderzoek naar mogelijke implementaties van rekeningrijden.
Literature survey, Report 2006.TL.7043, Transport Engineering and Logistics.

Road pricing is the terminology for a system that will set a price for the usage of transport capacity (a piece of road, at a specific place and time) and that will collect the payments.
This report handles the working of such a system.
The main idea is that a system like road pricing will establish a better equilibrium be-tween the demand and the supply of transport capacity at specific places and times and thus prevents the occurrence of congestion.

Chapter 1 will discuss the philosophical idea of Road pricing in analogy with the Tragedy of the Commons (G. Hardin, Science 162:1243-1248 (1968)) and will propose a set of different measures which can be taken to reach a better equilibrium between demand and supply. Paragraphs 1.4.1 to 1.4.6 enumerates a list of different systems around the world.

Chapter 2 deals with the different aspects of Road pricing like the material part which will consist of beacons, portals, on-board units and the immaterial part such as what kind of information is needed.

Chapter 3 gives a list of different available techniques like GSM, GPS, DSRC and ANPR and elaborates on the working and the possibilities and impossibilities of each one of them. In paragraph 3.2 the different methods are compared and a cost estimation is given for the whole system when a particular technique is chosen. Paragraph 3.3 consists of a quick scan of systems currently in use which are measuring the actual throughput on the roads.

Chapter 4 handles the different results that are to be expected in the year 2020 when the system is introduced and when a specific form is adopted. It also deals with different goals that can be set for the system. Different goals give rise to different tariffs and thus to different results in the equilibrium between demand and supply of the transport capac-ity.

Chapter 5 has some conclusions which in short are: