Delft University of Technology
Faculty Mechanical, Maritime and Materials Engineering
Transport Technology



W. Wang Design of a container terminal in Ningbo Port China
Engineering Assignment, Report 2007.TEL.7193, Transport Engineering and Logistics.


The port of Ningbo is one of the most important and busiest portsin mainland China, located in the mid-China's coastline, and on the south side of Hangzhou Bay. Furthermore, there is a short distance from Ningbo to HongKong, Kaohsiung, Pusan, Osaka and Kobe. All these features would make this port an ideal choice among terminal operators to build up a container terminal and develop sea-going shipping with America, Europe, the Middle East and Oceania. Considering the port history of around 1200 years, Ningbo has a relatively matured transport networks and developed hinterland connection which would increase its predominance in the competition among China's ports. Additionally, in recent years the port authority has strengthened the port constructions and has improved facilities, environment and corresponding services to facilitate for container terminal. As a result, the yearly throughput of the port in 2006 is 7 million TEU, and then Ningbo ranks among the top-5 ports of mainland China and the top-15 ports of the world.

The objective of this assignment is to design a container terminal in the port of Ningbo which will have a yearly throughput of 1 million containers, in which imported and exported container capacity both are 500,000 boxes. Among which, 20% of all moves that produced from sea-going vessels was direct transshipment, namely 100,000 boxes per year; and the rest would be divided into 60% for roadway, 20% for barge and 20% for railway. The TEU factor is 1.6, then the container throughput presented by 'TEU' is 1,600,000 TEU. In addition, the maximum call size for berthed container vessels with a capacity of 10,000 TEU (See Figure 1).


Figure 1: Container flow condition in this project


For the design of this container terminal, firstly a conceptual design was considered, followed by the election of container handling system and the main design of stacking yard, other facilities was designed in the next part.

A final design of the container terminal was shown as Figure 2, such as 1000m of quaywall length, 50m of apron width, and 12 of quay cranes. For the stacking yard, RMG (rail mounted gantry crane system) with terminal trailers would be selected from OC (On-chassis system), SC (Straddle carrier system). Additionally, the number of gate facilities would be 30 and the number of bays in the Container Freight Stations would be 40. The total area of this container terminal is 500m1000m.


Figure 2: Final Layout of Ningbo container terminal


Recommendations:
The design of gate system should be improved according to the practical arrival rule of road trucks.
The design of administration building would be finished after all employees would be decided, so its area should be adjusted.
In addition, simulation of this design would be required in order to measure all these data are feasible or not.


Reports on Transport Engineering and Logistics (in Dutch)
Modified: 2008.01.31; logistics@3mE.tudelft.nl , TU Delft / 3mE / TT / LT.